Wheat is the worlds most important cereal after maize. In Germany and in Europe, it is by far the most important field crop - in terms of acreage - since central Europe is one of the best climatic zones in the world for growing wheat.
Maize is the most important plant for starch in the world and is used for the production of bioethanol particularly in the USA. Maize has its origins in Central America and has only been planted in central Europe since about 1970.
Triticale is a hybrid of wheat (Triticum sativum) and rye (Secale cereale). This hybrid came on the market in different varieties over 20 years ago, and combines the yield potential and grain quality of wheat with the hardiness, undemanding nature and resistance to disease of rye.
Barley is the oldest of all cereals. It is also the basis for the production of whisky and beer. During the Middle Ages barley was only of significance in cooler regions. It is only since the beginning of the 20th century that barley has come to be valued as a high-yield animal feed. Thanks to further improved varieties, crop yields now rival those of wheat, especially in poorer locations.
Steckbrief Getreide (PDF, 211.78 KB)
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